The economic situation in the Murmansk Shipping Company
Since 1959, Murmansk Shipping Company has been the only owner of a civil nuclear fleet in the country. Over the years, the success of his sailors applauded the country. Indeed, in the free swimming was reached the North Pole. Year-round transport flights through the Barents and Kara Seas of Murmansk-Dudinka-Murmansk have become commonplace, through-navigation on the entire Northern Sea Route, now made in both directions by hundreds of vessels with different cargoes. The shipping company provides a significant amount of winter overseas transportation of cargo by the MFER and foreign charterers. The issues of organizing flights from Europe to Japan by the Northern Sea Route are being worked out.

Recently, however, the situation in the shipping company has deteriorated sharply. In 1989, it did not ensure timely shipment of goods to the Eastern and Central Arctic. During the last navigation, their delivery to Khatanga was carried out irregularly. The planned volume of empty containers from the ports of Cape Verde and Tiksi has not been re-exported. Icebreakers stayed in for repair for a long time. And the rates of loading of supply vessels in Murmansk were two times lower than the standard ones. And such a list of shortcomings in the work of the shipping company could be continued.

Is it a coincidence?

In the shipping company there is no problem more acute than the wages of the crew working in the Arctic. Sailors of the Arctic lines complain that they have to work much more than the crews of foreign vessels, which receive the currency, but their work is paid much worse. After the introduction in 1988 of new salaries, the ratio of the average earnings of seamen of the transport fleet and nuclear icebreakers was not in favor of the latter - its growth in 1989 compared to 1986 was 127.7% and 124%, respectively. In addition, for icebreakers, the flight lasts 6-8 months without guaranteed substitutions in 3-4 months, and this is under constant exposure to strong magnetic fields, vibration, noise, and elevated levels.

The second thing that worries nuclear-powered crews is the problem of housing. The fact is that with the arrival of the first atomic icebreakers "Lenin" and "Arktika" in the shipping company, by decision of the government bodies, the construction of apartments was designed for their employees, albeit in small quantities. However, since 1983, no limits have been allocated for this, despite the fact that five more nuclear vessels have entered service and two more are expected in the near future. Meanwhile, with the current volume of housing construction, a sailor has been waiting for it for 20 years or more. If there are 4 thousand people in need of an apartment in the Murmansk Shipping Company, including 650 employees of the nuclear fleet, then taking into account the commissioning of such vessels, the total number of their waiting lists will increase to 1992 by 1.5 thousand people. At the same time, as the sailors of the nuclear fleet rightly point out, during the construction of nuclear power plants, housing and other social facilities will be introduced at the same time.

Therefore, it is quite natural that due to the difficult nature of work, the lack of elementary living conditions on the coast, the prestige of atomic-powered sailors has plummeted and their staffing has become extremely complicated. The turnover of workers in the fleet personnel of the nuclear fleet was 130 people last year. Of particular concern is the staffing of the atomic fleet with specialists in mechanical and electromechanical specialties. With an annual need for 35 mechanics and 25 electricians, the shipping company received 26 and 16 people respectively in 1987, 14 and 25 in 1988, only 12 and 8 in 1989. Our applications for young specialists are not constantly being fulfilled. rust remover singapore

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