India. Harmandir Sahib
Harmandir Sahib is better known as the "golden city around the pond." All that you may already know about Amritsar is that, in fact, it is a pond that gave the city its name. "Amrit" means the nectar of immortality, and "Sar" or "Sarovar" means a pond. Amritsar, which dates back to the 15th century, was founded by Guru Ram Das, the fourth spiritual teacher of the Sikhs. Thanks to him, a sarovar was excavated, which should have healing properties.
The "magic" of water
Amazingly, the location near the water does not leave moisture in the temple. The base has a depth of 55 - 58 meters. Since at the time it was built, the mortar did not consist of cement mixture, the lime mixture was used to plaster the walls built of thin bricks of Nanakshahi. Lime is a good material for protection against water, and this may be the reason that the shrine did not become saturated with moisture.
The natural properties of water allow it to cool and heat more slowly than solid building materials - this is what brings a pleasant atmosphere to the Golden Temple complex throughout the year.
From a design point of view, Sarovar visually radiates the main part of the temple. The solid architect Bhatti, who wrote the book on the Golden Temple, says that the shimmering reflection of the shrine means the importance of spiritual life in the material world. “A lifeless object takes on the pulsating brilliance of the subject, and there is an instant transformation of the psycho-emotional state of believers,” he writes.
Harmandir Sahib was built between 1587 and 1604. However, due to its geographical location, the Punjab constantly bore the main oppression of foreign invaders. Afghan commander Ahmed Shah Abdali destroyed Harmandar Sahib 7 times. The last of the raids was in 1764. It became widely known as the “Golden Temple” when the Sikh ruler Maharaja Ranjit Singh covered his upper floors with copper sheets in the 1830s.
In 1998, restoration was again carried out with money donated by believers from all over the world. However, due to increasing air pollution around the temple, restoration should be done every year to maintain shine.
It is believed that the shrine is a true symbol of occultism with four entrance doors. Which means that God exists everywhere and no direction is more chaste than another.
Favorite of tourists
Harmandir Sahib receives more visitors than the Taj Mahal. Although this shrine of the Sikhs, people from all over the world, regardless of their religion, come to pay tribute to their ancestors and experience spiritual pleasure.
Golden City - open to everyone, regardless of class, religion or caste, remains one of its main attractions. In addition to the Golden Temple, tourists are interested in the culture of Amritsar and its proximity to the Pakistani border. Отзывы игроков 1xSlots Casino

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