In statistics and planning, two indicators of national income are used: produced and used for consumption and accumulation. When calculating these indicators at comparable prices, in which indicators of five-year and long-term plans are developed, and their implementation is analyzed, a significant gap arises between the volumes of created and consumed national income. So, for example, the increase in the national income generated amounted to 90% for 9–11 five-year periods, and 79% for the used one. Given that the value of the percentage increase in national income was in 1971-1975. 2.8 billion rubles., In 1976-1980. - 3.9 billion rubles., And in 1981-1985. - 4.9 billion rubles., The noted difference in rates, according to our estimates, led to a discrepancy between the volumes of received and spent national income for 1971-1985. about 40 billion rubles. There are significant discrepancies in the average annual growth indicators both for the entire period and for five-year periods. Statistics show that the generated national income is constantly higher than that used in terms of growth rate and absolute value.
The objective basis for the discrepancy between the indicators of produced and used national income is constant and not directly related to each other changes in the structure of production and proportions of the distribution of products. Significantly differ and methods for evaluating products in the sphere of its production and use. However, analysis shows that this discrepancy can be reduced by changing the established practice of the corresponding calculations. Some directions of solving the problem are also known. Watch Live Cams Now! No Registration Required - 100% Free Uncensored Adult Chat. Watch the best in webcam matures live
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The scientific community has to judge the quality of decisions based on published data without knowing the features of their calculation. Meanwhile, monopoly ownership of the calculation method for a long time allows quite easily and stealthily from the scientific community to constantly “improve” the reporting and planning information on the pace and effectiveness of economic development, in particular due to the hidden price changes that are not taken into account by statistics, and sometimes through the “transformation” of the method calculation of indicators, as it was in 1986-1987, when the economic growth rate was calculated without taking into account the drop in the production of alcoholic beverages. Among the problems requiring urgent solutions, the priority is the problem of methods and methodologies for calculating national income, which characterizes the achieved level of social production and the possibility of its growth in the future.